Basic principles in The LP-model

Recent research shows that students’ learning and behaviour are linked to and explained by a series of conditions or factors related to the situations in which the students find themselves.

In the school such factors can, for example be linked to the relationships between peers, the relationship between student and teacher, the teaching, classroom management and the student’s well-being. Behavioural problems, both in and outside the school, manifest themselves as a result of a complex phenomenon.

The consequences of this knowledge are that behavioural problems and the development of a good learning environment can not be resolved by a particular strategy within the school and that it is not sufficient to focus on the person responsible for the behaviour. This understanding has its basis in systems theory. A systematic understanding of actions and behaviour therefore implies that an interaction takes place between the environment and the single individual.

This interaction occurs when children and youngsters learn in a meaningful way at school and also when they display a variety of behavioural problems.The LP-model uses systems theory as a way of understanding that an interaction, in the form of communication and direct social interaction occurs between the participants. It is the social dynamic and the interaction which are of interest in the understanding of the systems theory which is applied.

The system perspective is vital in order to understand how the students experience the learning environment, which behavioural and learning results they achieve and how behavioural problems and lack of learning can be met in an appropriate way. The patterns and structures of the social systems in which the children and teenagers take part, influence the actions they display.